Famous One-Inch Punch

Any fan of martial arts movie legend Bruce Lee will remember his famous one-inch punch, with which he was able to strike an opponent from extremely close range and send them flying.

Lee was undoubtedly at the peak of his physical potential, but research has now shown his ability to punch so hard from so close could be better explained by his brain structure than his strength.

Brain scans have revealed that fine-tuned differences between the neural structure of expert martial artists and fighting novices could be the reason that the one-inch punch is possible.

Black belts are able to punch incredibly hard from close range but studies have found that the force generated is not determined by raw muscular strength, suggesting factors related to the control of muscle movement by the brain might be important.

Researchers from Imperial College London and UCL looked for differences in brain structure between 12 karate practitioners with a black belt rank and an average of 13.8 years’ karate experience, and 12 people of similar age who exercised regularly but did not have any martial arts experience.

The researchers tested how powerfully the subjects could punch, but to make useful comparisons with the punching of novices they restricted the task to punching from short range – a distance of 5 centimeters (roughly 1 inch).

As expected, the karate group punched harder, but the power of their punches seemed to be down to timing, rather than their strength: the force they generated correlated with how well the movement of their wrists and shoulders were synchronized.

Dr Ed Roberts, from the Department of Medicine at Imperial College London, who led the study, explained: ‘The karate black belts were able to repeatedly coordinate their punching action with a level of coordination that novices can’t produce.

“We think that ability might be related to fine-tuning of neural connections in the cerebellum, allowing them to synchronize their arm and trunk movements very accurately.”

Subsequent brain scans of the test subjects showed the microscopic structure in certain regions of the brain differed between the two groups.

Each brain region is composed of grey matter, consisting of the main bodies of nerve cells, and white matter, which is mainly made up of bundles of fibers that carry signals from one region to another.

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) scans found structural differences in the white matter of parts of the brain called the cerebellum and the primary motor cortex, which are known to be involved in controlling movement.

The differences measured by DTI in the cerebellum correlated with the synchronicity of the subjects’ wrist and shoulder movements when punching.

The DTI signal also correlated with the age at which karate experts began training and their total experience of the discipline.

These findings suggest that the structural differences in the brain are related to the black belts’ punching ability.

“We’re only just beginning to understand the relationship between brain structure and behaviour, but our findings are consistent with earlier research showing that the cerebellum plays a critical role in our ability to produce complex, coordinated movements,” added Dr Roberts.

“There are several factors that can affect the DTI signal, so we can’t say exactly what features of the white matter these differences correspond to. Further studies using more advanced techniques will give us a clearer picture.”

The findings are published today in the journal Cerebral Cortex.

Bruce Lee’s One-Inch Punch

Attribution: Daily Mail

Joke of the Day

An old man is lying on his deathbed with his children and grandchildren, all around, teary-eyed at the approaching finale of a very long and productive life.

The old man is in a terminal coma, and the doctors have confirmed that the waiting will be over within the next twenty-four hours.

Suddenly, the old man opens his eyes and whispers: “I must be dreaming of heaven! I smell your grandmother’s strudel!”

“No, grandfather, you are not dreaming. Grandmother is baking strudel now.”

“I know I will never have another taste of her delicious strudel after this one. Could you please go down and get me a piece?”, the old man begs with what is left of his final breath.

One of the grandchildren is immediately dispatched to honor the old man’s last request. After a long time, he returns empty-handed.

“Did you bring me one last piece of your grandmother’s delicious strudel?” the old man plaintively queries.

“I’m very sorry, grandfather, but she says it’s for the funeral.”

Vetting the Prez

The following video is for those people who think that Obama was sufficiently vetted before the 2008 election. Two media wizards of smart admitting on October 30, 2008 that they don’t know the man they both undoubtedly voted for and they didn’t do their jobs. That’s one week before the election!! None of the major media sources were the slightest bit interested in who he was or is. They still don’t care & nor does a lot of the public. He was black, therefore transformational. That’s all they cared about. Oh, and he was the senate’s most liberal democrat in the short time he was there. Let’s all vote for that guy. So he was raised and mentored by communists, hung out with marxists and radicals. Let me rephrase that; he sought out marxists & radicals with which to hang out . He was a druggy. What’s worse is, to this day, he has not had a “come to Jesus” moment. Where you realize what you thought was wrong, what you did was wrong, communists and radicals weren’t the people to be hanging out with or taking advice from. Doing all those drugs wasn’t very bright. Not one apology, no remorse. And all his records remain sealed. That’s vetted enough for me. How ’bout you?

Joke of the Day

A businessman on his deathbed called his friend and said, “Bill, I want you to promise me that when I die you will have my remains cremated.”

“And what,” his friend asked, “do you want me to do with your ashes?”

The businessman said, “Just put them in an envelope and mail them to the Internal Revenue Service. Write on the envelope, “Now, you have everything.”

The Need to Maintain OPSEC

Dishonorable Disclosures

Intelligence and Special Operations forces are furious and frustrated at how President Obama and those in positions of authority have exploited their service for political advantage. Countless leaks, interviews and decisions by the Obama Administration and other government officials have undermined the success of our Intelligence and Special Operations forces and put future missions and personnel at risk. Mr. President; Why do you and your administration insist on jeopardizing this country’s Operation Security?

Roman shipwreck

One of the best preserved shipwrecks ever found has been discovered off the Italian coast.

Divers say they have found a ship off the coast of Italy which they believe is about 2,000 years old.

The ship, which was spotted in the sea off the town on Varazze in the province of Liguria, is thought to be a Roman-era commercial vessel.

The ship, a navis oneraria, or merchant vessel, was located at a depth of about 200 feet after a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) was used to scour the seabed.

A search for the shipwreck was launched after local fisherman revealed they kept finding pieces of pottery in their nets.

The divers found the wreck so well preserved even the food, still sealed in over 200 pots, is intact.

‘The peculiarity of this is that the wreck could be almost intact,’ Lt Col Francesco Schilardi of the police divers’ group told the BBC.

‘We believe it dates to sometime between the 1st Century BC and the 1st Century AD.’

The team has so far been unable to find the name of the ship, but it was believed to be a sailed vessel used to carry commercial goods.

The ship would have been travelling between Italy and Spain, a popular shipping route, and would have been carrying food to sell at its destination.

Roman ships were commonly named after gods, mythological heroes or concepts such as harmony, peace and victory.

Researchers believe the mud on the seabed protected the wreck.

Test on some of the recovered jars revealed they contained pickled fish, grain, wine and oil.

The foodstuffs were traded in Spain for other goods.

The containers found in the wreck are known as amphora, and are a unique shape, often containing handles.

The large containers were commonly used to transport large quantities of food and wine, and were able to hold both solid and liquid.

The examples found in the latest wreck were ceramic, but they were also made in metal.

‘There are some broken jars around the wreck, but we believe that most of the amphorae inside the ship are still sealed and food filled,” said Lt. Col. Schilardi.

It is hoped that further tests on the foodstuffs could give an insight into Roman lifestyles.

The ship is thought to have travelled on trade routes between Spain and what is now central Italy and was loaded with more than 200 clay amphorae likely to have contained fish, wine, oil and grain.

The ship, which dates to sometime between the 1st Century B.C. and the 1st Century A.D., is hidden under layers of mud on the seabed, which has left the wreck and its cargo intact.

The vessel will remain hidden at the bottom of the sea until Italian authorities decide whether to raise it or not, and police have placed an exclusion zone around it to protect it from other divers.

Joke of the Day

A blind man was describing his favorite sport: parachuting.

When asked how this was accomplished, he said that things were all done for him: “I am placed in the door and told when to jump. My hand is placed on my release ring for me, and out I go.”

“But how do you know when you are going to land?” he was asked.

“I have a very keen sense of smell and I can smell the trees and grass when I am 300 feet from the ground,” he answered.

“But how do you know when to lift your legs for the final arrival on the ground?” he was again asked.

He quickly answered: “Oh, the dog’s leash goes slack.”

Ok, that was awful.

Romney Changes Mind, New V.P. Pick Is…

Breaking News! by the Common Constitutionalist

This just in! Mitt Romney changes his mind regarding his choice of running mate. In a sudden turnabout, Romney turns his whole campaign on its head.

Paul Ryan is out. Romney said to an anonymous source, he wanted to go in another direction. He claimed to the source, he wanted to get away from the conservative policy man.

His new choice. Jesus Christ.

And not even a Power Tie

Immediately, the democrats sprang to action, with attack ads and pundits flooding the talk circuit. It’s as if they were tipped off prior to the announcement.

The first ad to hit network TV was of Mr. Christ pushing an old woman in a wheel chair over a cliff. When asked, Debbie Blabbermouth Shultz said she was unaware of any ties between the Obama White House and the Superpac that produced the ad. The Superpac claiming responsibility for the ad is relatively new. Not much is known of it.  It does have a fairly lengthy name, so as do most of them , it has an acronym; WNPOAWPac. It evidently stands for, We are Not Part of the Obama Administration – We Promise. 

A panel on MSNBC was convened in short order. Chris Matthews emphatically refuted the republican claims that the selection could cement the ticket thus saving the nation from almost certain destruction. Matthews was unconvinced, stating that there was only one true savior of mankind and he was already in the White house. If you looked closely, during that segment, it appeared Matthews leg actually shivered.

David Axelrod appeared on CNN carrying a fish and a loaf of bread. He publicly challenged the new VP selection to, “Go ahead, feed the masses. I dare you to try without the assistance of the Farm Bill that your party has held up in congress.” 

Late Saturday on NBC news, Andrea Mitchell interviewed Joe Septic, a man who claimed Jesus Christ willingly and with malice, ruined his life. He stated that years ago he suffered from post traumatic stress. Joe stated, “It was severely debilitating and I was unable to function outside the home.”  “From the war?”, asked Andrea. “No, Burger King, replied Mr. Septic. ” You see… this is really hard to relive.” “Take your time, added Andrea. Joe continued, “You see, years back I ordered a double cheeseburger, small fry and a vanilla shake. I picked up my order at the drive through and drove away. It seems they gave me a chocolate shake instead. I called 911. By the time the first responders arrived on the scene, it was too late. The damage to my mind had already been done.” 

A few years later an acquaintance dragged Joe to an event with a relatively unknown motivational speaker. It turned out to be the new VP candidate, Jesus Christ. After the speech, Jesus went out into the crowd to interact with the attendees. Septic said, “Jesus approached me and laid his hand on my head saying he would make me whole again. I never asked him to do it. He just did it. As he walked away, my sanity returned.” Andrea said, ” And you never even asked him? How awful for you. And how did this encountered negatively affect you?” “Well, Ms. Mitchell, I lost all my government benefits and was forced to find a…a….a job.”  Joe added, “I do not think Mr. Christ realizes what he did to me. Furthermore, I do not think Jesus Christ was concerned.”

Andrea Mitchell, known in some circles to be a woman, later reported that Romney’s pick of Jesus was a vote against all suburban moms.  “I think that you’re going to see that they’ve decided that this is a base election. This is not a pick for suburban moms. This is not a pick for women. This is a pick for the base.” Evidently, this Jesus fellow is a pro-lifer.

So there you have it. A move sure to shake things up & according to the media, allow Obama to sail into a second term. For, of course, who in their right (or left) mind would vote for such a ticket.