Remember When?

Researchers discover technique to erase newly formed memories

Erasing memories has long been a staple of sci-fi films, but researchers now believe they have made a breakthrough in making the process reality.

The groundbreaking research at Uppsala University in Sweden could lead to radical new treatments for sufferers of anxiety and post traumatic stress disorders.

It shows for the first time that newly formed emotional memories can be erased from the human brain.

Men in Black famously used memory erasing gadgets - now scientists believe they can actually erase short term memories.

Men in Black famously used memory erasing gadgets – now scientists believe they can actually erase short term memories.

This is shown by researchers from Uppsala University in a new study now being published by the academic journal Science.

‘These findings may be a breakthrough in research on memory and fear. Ultimately the new findings may lead to improved treatment methods for the millions of people in the world who suffer from anxiety issues like phobias, post-traumatic stress, and panic attacks,’ says Thomas Ågren, who led the study.

When a person learns something, a lasting long-term memory is created with the aid of a process of consolidation, which is based on the formation of proteins in the brain.

When we remember something, the memory becomes unstable for a while and is then restabilized by another consolidation process.

‘In other words, it can be said that we are not remembering what originally happened, but rather what we remembered the last time we thought about what happened,’ the researchers say.

By disrupting the reconsolidation process, the team found they can change what was remembered.

In the study the researchers showed subjects a neutral picture and simultaneously administered an electric shock.

In this way the picture came to elicit fear in the subjects which meant a fear memory had been formed.

In order to activate this fear memory, the picture was then shown without any accompanying shock.

For one experimental group the reconsolidation process was disrupted with the aid of repeated presentations of the picture.

For a control group, the reconsolidation process was allowed to complete before the subjects were shown the same repeated presentations of the picture.

In subjects that were not allowed to reconsolidate the fear memory, the fear they previously associated with the picture dissipated, and the memory was rendered neutral.

At the same time, using a MR-scanner, the researchers were able to show that the traces of that memory also disappeared from the part of the brain that normally stores fearful memories, the nuclear group of amygdala in the temporal lobe.

Attribution: Daily Mail

Lean and Mean Government

from: RedState

In the Army we have an expression for an operation that is so big and unwieldy that it has no purpose other than perpetuating itself: “a self-licking ice cream cone.”

By way of Amanda Carpenter in Senator Jim DeMint’s office we discover that after some half century of hard work, federal housing programs have finally reached that state.

According to the GAO, the federal government runs 160 separate housing programs.

Where are they all?

Well, HUD runs the majority of the programs, 91. The United States Department of Agriculture, which also administers farming aid and the nation’s food stamp program, offers 18 different types of housing assistance as well. The Internal Revenue Service has 14 programs. The Department of Treasury offers 8 programs; the Department of Veterans Affairs 7; the Department of Labor 2; Federal Home Loan Banks 3.

Each of these programs has its own bureaucracy, its own advocates, and its own sub-bureaucracy at the state and local level. While they might actually produce something worthwhile, their main function is keeping the people who administer the programs employed.

But the wonder, from a governance point of view, is not that the federal government has 160 housing programs but that it has any housing programs. Housing is it, a quintessentially local program that needs no federal intervention and where federal rules and money have done incredible damage to our social fabric. Public housing has teamed up with cash payments to indigents to create a wide variety of social pathologies that are now endemic.

This is a major challenge confronting Mr. Romney should he win election. It isn’t enough to make government more efficient. What is needed is to divest the federal government of all but its core functions.

The Faces of Freedom

Previously unseen photos showing British and American soldiers liberating the Dutch city of Eindhoven 68 years ago have come to light.

The black and white snapshots depict scenes of jubilation among the local residents who had just endured four years and four months of Nazi occupation.

Many show captured German soldiers being rounded up and searched by the Allied troops while other servicemen are seen having a rest in the grass after taking the city.

 
British Guards Armoured division driving through delighted locals in Eindoven en route to Arnhem
Previously unseen photos showing British and American soldiers liberating the Dutch city of Eindhoven 68 years ago have come to light
 

Others are of women arm-in-arm with their liberators, children clambering over British army trucks and tanks and soldiers holding babies aloft.

But the scenes of celebration during the early stages of the doomed Operation Market Garden in September 1944 proved shortlived.

Hours after the pictures were taken, the Germans launched a devastating air attack on Eindhoven, destroying buildings and killing scores of civilians.

Market Garden – a daring mission to seize bridges across the Rhine and drive the enemy back towards Germany – ended in bloody failure.

A scout car from the Household Cavalry of the Guards Armoured Division. The first British vehicle to arrive in Eindhoven on their desperate push to relieve Arnhem
A scout car from the Household Cavalry of the Guards Armoured Division. The first British vehicle to arrive in Eindhoven on their desperate push to relieve Arnhem
 
German troops captured by the American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division in Eindhoven
German troops captured by the American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division are told to face against a wall with their hands on their heads in Eindhoven
 
German troops captured by the American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division in Eindhoven
The black and white snaps depict scenes of jubilation among the local residents who had just endured four years and four months of Nazi occupation

On September 17, 1944 some 34,000 paratroopers were dropped behind enemy lines at various points along the Rhine river in order to take the strategic bridges.

The British 30 Corps tank regiment were to provide back up by driving 40 miles along a single track road from Eindhoven in the south to Arnhem in the north.

But the British were unable to reach their final objective and, with three miles to go, abandoned the operation on September 25, leaving 10,500 British paratroopers stranded at Arnhem.

About 1,500 of them were killed in the Battle of Arnhem and 6,500 taken prisoner.

Another 2,500 soldiers were left on the wrong side of the Rhine but were heroically rescued by boat in a night-time evacuation under the noses of the Germans.

The Guards Armoured division pushing through the grateful crowds in Eidhoven
Hours after the pictures were taken, the Germans launched a devastating air attack on Eindhoven, destroying buildings and killing scores of civilians
 
British Guards Armoured division driving through Eindhoven en route to Arnhem
Many of the photos show captured German soldiers being rounded up and searched by the Allied troops while other servicemen are seen having a rest in the grass after taking the city
 
 
British Guards Armoured division driving through delighted locals in Eindoven en route to Arnhem
The scenes of celebration during the early stages of the doomed Operation Market Garden in September 1944 proved shortlived
 
British Guards Armoured division driving through Eindoven en route to Arnhem
Market Garden – a daring mission to seize bridges across the Rhine and drive the enemy back towards Germany – ended in bloody failure

Despite the failure of the operation, Eindhoven remained free from the Nazis.

The unpublished photos were unearthed by British author Ian Gardner as he researched his book ‘Deliver Us From Darkness’.

It is a detailed account of the actions of the companion unit of the ‘Band of Brothers’ US paratroopers, who were immortalized in Steven Spielberg’s TV series of the same name.

Ian, from Aldershot, Hampshire, UK said: ‘Military historians have said Market Garden was a total disaster.

American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division celebrate with the local girls in Eindhoven
American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division celebrate with the local girls in Eindhoven
 
 
American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division celebrate with the local children in Eindhoven
American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division celebrate with the local children in Eindhoven, but sadly the celebrations did not last as the Germans launched a devastating counter-attack
 
American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division celebrate with the local girls in Eindhoven
The British 30 Corps tank regiment were to provide back up by driving 40 miles along a single track road from Eindhoven in the south to Arnhem in the north
 
British troops pushing through the grateful crowds in Eindhoven
British troops pushing through the grateful crowds in Eindhoven

‘But try telling that to the Dutch for whom Allied paratroopers were liberators from German tyranny and occupation.

‘Upon entering Eindhoven, which was the first Dutch city to be liberated, thousands of people spilled onto the streets to embrace the paratroopers, overjoyed after four dark years of Nazi occupation.

‘When XXX Corps entered the city, the roads were so crowded their tanks and vehicles were unable to get through.

‘The celebrations were short-lived as Eindhoven was bombed the following evening by the Luftwaffe, causing hundreds of civilian casualties.

‘The German army began an audacious series of counter-attacks along the road to Arnhem and over the next two weeks the American paratroopers were called upon to defend the transport hubs north of Eindhoven.’

  
British Guards Armoured division driving through Eindoven en route to Arnhem
Around 2,500 soldiers were left on the wrong side of the Rhine but were heroically rescued by boat in a night-time evacuation under the noses of the Germans
 
A captured German 88mm gun in Eindhoven
A captured German 88mm gun. Despite the failure of the operation, Eindhoven remained free from the Nazis
 
 
 
German troops captured by the American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division in Eindhoven
German troops captured by the American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division in Eindhoven
 
 
American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division relax after the battle for Eindhoven
American soldiers of the 101st Airbourne Division relax after the battle for Eindhoven
 
Attribution: Daily Mail

The Project, Part Deux

The conquest of North America by the Muslim Brotherhood.

by: the Common Constitutionalist and Investigative Project.org

First came the document known as “The Project” unearthed, 2001. Now this. 

In July 2007, seven key leaders of an Islamic “charity” known as the Holy Land Foundation for Relief and Development (HLF) went on trial for charges that they had: (a) provided “material support and resources” to a foreign terrorist organization (namely Hamas); (b) engaged in money laundering; and (c) breached the International Emergency Economic Powers Act, which prohibits transactions that threaten American national security. Along with the seven named defendants, the U.S. government released a list of approximately 300 “unindicted conspirators” and “joint venturers.” During the course of the HLF trial, many incriminating documents were entered into evidence. Perhaps the most significant was An Explanatory Memorandum on the General Strategic Goal for the Group in North America,” by the Muslim Brotherhood operative Mohamed Akram. Federal investigators found Akram’s memo in the home of Ismael Elbarasse, a founder of the Dar Al-Hijrah mosque in Falls Church, Virginia, during a 2004 search. Elbarasse was a member of the Palestine Committee, which the Muslim Brotherhood had created to support Hamas in the United States.

Written and approved by the Shura Council sometime in 1987, but not formally published until May 22, 1991, Akram’s 18-page document listed the Brotherhood’s 29 “organizations of our friends” that shared the common goal of dismantling American institutions and turning the U.S. into a Muslim nation. These “friends” were identified by Akram and the Brotherhood as groups that could help convince Muslims “that their work in America is a kind of grand Jihad in eliminating and destroying the Western civilization from within and ‘sabotaging’ its miserable house by their hands … so that … God’s religion [Islam] is made victorious over all other religions.”

Akram was well aware that in the U.S., it would be extremely difficult to promote Islam by means of terror attacks. Thus the “grand jihad”, or “Civilization Jihad” that he and his Brotherhood comrades envisioned was not a violent one involving bombings and shootings, but rather a stealth (or “soft”) jihad aiming to impose Islamic law (Shariah) over every region of the earth by incremental, non-confrontational means, such as working to “expand the observant Muslim base”; to “unify and direct Muslims’ efforts”; and to “present Islam as a civilization alternative.” At its heart, Akram’s document details a plan to conquer and Islamize the United States – not as an ultimate objective, but merely as a stepping stone toward the larger goal of one day creating “the global Islamic state.”

In line with this objective, Akram and the Brotherhood resolved to “settle” Islam and the Islamic movement within the United States, so that the Muslim religion could be “enabled within the souls, minds and the lives of the people of the country.” Akram explained that this could be accomplished “through the establishment of firmly-rooted organizations on whose bases civilization, structure and testimony are built.”

He urged Muslim leaders to make “a shift from the collision mentality to the absorption mentality,” meaning that they should abandon any tactics involving defiance or confrontation, and seek instead to implant into the larger society a host of seemingly benign Islamic groups and inculcate with ostensibly unobjectionable motives. Once those groups had gained a measure of public acceptance, they would be in a position to more effectively promote societal transformation by the old Communist technique of “boring from within.”

“The heart and the core” of this strategy, said Akram, was contingent upon these groups’ ability to develop “a mastery of the art of ‘coalitions.’” That is, by working synergistically they could complement, augment, and amplify one another’s efforts. Akram added, “The big challenge that is ahead of us is how to turn these seeds or ‘scattered’ elements into comprehensive, stable, ‘settled’ organizations that are connected with our Movement and which fly in our orbit and take orders from our guidance.” The ultimate objective was not only an enlarged Muslim presence, but also implementation of the Brotherhood objectives of transforming pluralistic societies, particularly America, into Islamic states, and sweeping away Western notions of legal equality, freedom of conscience, freedom of religion, and freedom of speech.

Akram and the Brotherhood (Ikhwan) understood that in order to succeed in this endeavor, they needed to appeal to different segments of the American population in different ways; that whereas some people could be influenced by messages delivered from a religious perspective, others would be more responsive to messages delivered by educators, bankers, political figures, or journalists, etc.

Thus, Akram’s blueprint for the advancement of the Islamic movement stressed the need to form a coalition of groups coming from the worlds of education; religious studies; political activism; audio and video production; print media; banking and finance; the physical sciences; the social sciences; professional and business networking; cultural affairs; the publishing and distribution of books; children and teenagers; women’s rights; vocational concerns; and jurisprudence.

By promoting the  on such a wide variety of fronts, the Brotherhood and its allies could multiply their influence exponentially . Toward that end, the Akram/Brotherhood “Explanatory Memorandum” named the following 29 groups as the organizations they believed could collaborate effectively to destroy America from within – He stated, “Imagine if they all march according to one plan”:

By setting up these many front groups, the Muslim Brotherhood was emulating the Communist Party tactic of creating interlocking front groups used during the Cold War in order to confuse its enemies and make it more difficult to discover, thus combat.

The following are excerpts from Akrams grand plan:

An Explanatory Memorandum

On the General Strategic Goal

for the Group In North America 

5/22/1991

The general strategic goal of the Group in America…is the “Enablement of Islam in North America, meaning: establishing an effective and a stable Islamic Movement led by the Muslim Brotherhood”…

 The success of the Movement in America in establishing an observant Islamic base with power and effectiveness will be the best support and aid to the global Movement project (“The Project”).

 Understanding the role of the Muslim Brother in North America:

 “The process of settlement is a “Civilization-Jihadist Process” with all the word means. The Ikhwan must understand that their work in America is a kind of grand Jihad in eliminating and destroying the Western civilization from within and “sabotaging” its miserable house by their hands and the hands of the believers so that it is eliminated and God’s religion is made victorious over all other religions. Without this level of understanding, we are not up to this challenge and have not prepared ourselves for Jihad yet. It is a Muslim’s destiny to perform Jihad and work wherever he is and wherever he lands until the final hour comes, and there is no escape from that destiny…”

At the heart of the “Civilization-Jihadist Process” is the Islamic Center.

Understanding the role and the nature of work of “The Islamic Center” in every city with what achieves the goal of the process of settlement:

 “The center we seek is the one which constitutes the “axis” of our Movement, the “perimeter” of the circle of our work, our “balance center”, the “base” for our rise and our “Dar al-Arqam” to educate us, prepare us and supply our battalions in addition to being the “niche” of our prayers. …we would like for the Islamic center to become “The House of Dawa”‘ and “the general center” in deeds first before name. As much as we own and direct these centers at the continent level, we can say we are marching successfully towards the settlement of Dawa’ in this country.”

“Meaning that the “center’s” role should be the same as the “mosque’s” role during the time of God’s prophet, God’s prayers and peace be upon him, when he marched to “settle” the Dawa’ in its first generation in Madina. From the mosque, he drew the Islamic life and provided to the world the most magnificent and fabulous civilization humanity knew. This mandates that, eventually, the region, the branch and the Usra turn into “operations rooms” for planning, direction, monitoring and leadership for the Islamic center in order to be a role model to be followed.”  (When you finish this article, Google “Islamic Center” in or around where you live. I guarantee there will be at least one. There is one in my town being built now and was recently dedicated and praised by our Republican Mayor.)

The big challenge that is ahead of us is how to turn these seeds or “scattered” elements into comprehensive, stable, “settled” organizations that are connected with our Movement and which fly in our orbit and take orders from our guidance. This does not prevent but calls for each central organization to have its local branches but its connection with the Islamic center in the city is a must. (In other words, each local Islamic Center gets its marching orders and must adhere to a central Islamic authority, the Muslim Brotherhood. These “Centers” are not like your local YMCA).

“We must say that we are in a country which understands no language other than the language of the organizations, and one which does not respect or give weight to any group without effective, functional and strong organizations.”

Please spread the word. It seems the Brotherhood are gaining the upperhand in many regions worldwide. Don’t think it can’t happen here eventually.

Attribution: investigativeproject.org

Lennon

The famous mop-top haircut, leather jacket and guitar are gone, replaced by military fatigues and army boots. Yet the slight young man enjoying a game of cricket in the desert is unmistakable.

The pictures of John Lennon, taken in 1966 and seen here for the first time, show him on the set of the film How I Won The War during a brief break from The Beatles. Directed by Richard Lester, who also made A Hard Day’s Night and Help! with the Fab Four, the film offered Lennon, then 26, a serious acting role.

It also gave him a rare opportunity to escape from his increasingly enervating life with The Beatles, who were at the peak of their fame and besieged by screaming fans wherever they went.

...and now it's his chance to shine with the bat
…and now it’s his chance to shine with the bat
 
Having a laugh: Previously unseen pictures of The Beatles star John Lennon on the film set of 'How I Won The War' in Almeria, Spain in 1966
Having a laugh: Previously unseen pictures of The Beatles star John Lennon on the film set of ‘How I Won The War’ in Almeria, Spain in 1966

It had been a stressful year for Lennon. In March of that year, he had caused worldwide outrage with his comment in an interview that The Beatles were ‘more popular than Jesus’. Partly as a result of the public backlash, particularly in America, their tour of the US that August would be their last.

Just a month later he was on the set of the film, in which he played Private Gripweed, alongside Some Mothers Do ’Ave ’Em star Michael Crawford in the lead role.

An absurdist comedy, it was set in North Africa during the Second World War, although its anti-war message was seen as a commentary on the situation in Vietnam, which was escalating at the time.

Photographer Zdenko Hirschler visited the blisteringly hot set in Andalusia, Spain, arriving during a tea break in which Lennon displayed his legendary dry wit. Hirschler said Lennon was holding a cup of tea and a sandwich.

‘He told me, “See? One does not have to be a star to get a sandwich and a tea – but it helps to get you to the front of the waiting line.”

‘In spite of his military uniform, he looked like a young student – fresh, clean and happy. He was 26 but looked like a teenager.’

 
John Lennon
John Lennon 
 

He was thrilled to be involved in the film, in which he first wore the round glasses which would become his trademark, hoping acting might provide him with a new direction.

He told Hirschler: ‘No more travelling, no more tours. We are going to split, for a while at least.’

Paul McCartney and girlfriend Jane Asher had decided to take a trip to Africa, George Harrison and his wife Patti went to India and Ringo Starr and wife Maureen were visiting relatives in England. ‘I wanted to try a new life – maybe acting could be a new solution, a new adventure,’ Lennon said.

Towards the end of the film, Lennon’s character dies after being shot four times. Lennon initially refused to take part in the scene, revealing that he was haunted by fears of an unnatural death. He told Lester he was concerned about an ‘eerie prophecy’ which he said ‘may mean violent death for me later on’. His fears came true in 1980 when Mark Chapman shot him five times on the doorstep of his home in New York.

 
Playtime: Lennon takes some time out to have a bowl, playing some form of cricket

 

 The film drew lukewarm reviews on its release but Lennon’s performance was praised. Lennon wrote one of The Beatles’ most famous songs, Strawberry Fields Forever, during breaks from filming, and that November the band reconvened to begin recording their masterpiece, Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band.

Despite Lennon’s hope that How I Won The War would lead to other roles, it was his first – and last – non-Beatles film.

Who Is White House Visitor Hisham al Talib?

The Everything Muslim in America week continues. Maybe Madonna is right :

by: Michelle Malkin

On Friday, March 30, 2012, Hisham Y. Altalib visited the White House. According to visitor logs, Altalib was received by Joshua DuBois, the director of President Obama’s Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships. Four days later, White House officials welcomed a foreign delegation of the radical Sharia-enforcing Muslim Brotherhood from Egypt. 

The White House meeting with overseas Muslim Brotherhood leaders was reported in April by a few mainstream journalists and questioned loudly by conservative media. But the White House confab in March with U.S.-based Altalib — which appears to be a prep session with the global Muslim Brotherhood’s American advance team — has received no attention until now.

So, who is Hisham Yahya Altalib? What is his agenda?

And why exactly did the Obama administration conduct domestic “faith-based” outreach with this Muslim Brotherhood figure in Virginia, who just happens to be 1) tied to bloody

Just a Kindly Old Gent

jihad and 2) a major contributor to the left-wing Center for Constitutional Rights, the group of jihadi-sympathizing lawyers who helped spring suspected Benghazi terror plotter Abu Sufian bin Qumu from Gitmo?

Altalib is an Iraqi-born Muslim identified by the FBI as a Muslim Brotherhood operative before he moved to America in the 1970s to earn an advanced electrical engineering degree from Purdue University in Indiana. By his own account, Altalib “soon became active in Islamic work in North America, which continues to this day.”

He was the “first full-time director of the Leadership Training Department of the Muslim Students Association of the United States and Canada (MSA)” — a longtime Muslim Brotherhood front group whose explicit goal is to “conquer” America through Islamic propagandizing.

Altalib is also a founding member of the SAAR Foundation and the International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT). Last year, his online biography proudly notes, he was “awarded the ISNA (Islamic Society of North America) Community Service Award.” The Saudi-subsidized ISNA is regarded as the primary U.S. umbrella group for Muslim Brotherhood fronts and was named specifically by the global MB godfathers as a key player in their “Grand Jihad” strategy of infiltration from within.

SAAR was founded in Herndon, Va., in 1983 as part of a radical Islamic charity front for Saudi financiers called the SAFA Group. The feds raided SAAR’s offices in 2002 as part of Operation Green Quest. Investigators confiscated 500 boxes and seven trucks’ worth of documents illuminating the network’s terror ties to the Al Taqwa Bank (a Swiss-based Muslim bank suspected of funding the 9/11 plot) and the Muslim Brotherhood.

Altalib worked for one of Al Taqwa Bank’s main owners, Youssef Nada. Altalib’s more prominent Muslim Brotherhood partner, Jamal Barzinji (one of the champions of the Ground Zero mosque), also worked for Nada. FBI and Customs officials believe SAAR/SAFA laundered money for a plethora of violent Muslim terrorist groups, from Hamas and Hezbollah to al-Qaida and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad.

Along with several other leaders of the “Ikhwan” (brothers), Altalib and Barzinji established the International Institute of Islamic Thought in Herndon, Va., in 1985. Global Muslim Brotherhood thug Yusuf al-Qaradawi — the fire-breathing, fatwa-issuing Jew-hater and violent jihad proselytizer — inspired IIIT’s mission: the “Islamization of social sciences.”

According to Steven Merley of the Hudson Institute’s Center on Islam, Democracy, and the Future of the Muslim World, IIIT has 14 affiliated offices across the U.S., Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Former federal prosecutor Andrew McCarthy, who put 1993 World Trade Center bombing mastermind Omar Abdel Rahman ( the blind Sheikh) behind bars, notes that IIIT was a demonstrated unindicted conspirator in the feds’ Holy Land Foundation terror financing case. IIIT supported convicted terror aides Sami Al-Arian and Abdel Rahman Alamoudi.

Altalib, Barzinji and IIIT were also all listed in funding statements from the Center for Constitutional Rights (CCR) as major donors giving in the $25,000 to $49,000 range.

CCR is the umbrella group providing more than 500 pro bono lawyers to Gitmo detainees. They have regularly dismissed national security concerns about Gitmo recidivism as “irresponsible … scare stories.” That’s exactly what they did after one of CCR’s clients, Libyan terror leader Abu Sufian bin Qumu, was sprung in 2007.

Fast-forward five short years. Qumu is now the lead suspect in the 9/11/12 attack on our U.S. consulate in Benghazi that resulted in the murders of U.S. Ambassador Chris Stevens, consular official Sean Smith, and former Navy SEALs/private security contractors Glen Doherty and Tyrone Woods. In the wake of this month’s terrorist attacks on our Egyptian embassy, Libyan consulate and Afghan air base, the jihad helpers at CCR are stone silent.

This administration’s idea of domestic “faith-based outreach” is tea with Muslim Brotherhood community organizers who have embedded themselves in American life for four decades with the express intent of “eliminating and destroying the Western civilization from within.” Meanwhile, our commander in chief is squawking to the world about YouTube videos. The Ikhwan are laughing their bloodstained robes off.