A huge tornado five times the size of Earth erupted on the sun’s surface, with superheated gases whirling at more than 100,000 miles per hour.
The tornado is up to two MILLION degrees celcius.
‘This is perhaps the first time that such a huge solar tornado is filmed by an imager,’ says Dr. Xing Li, of Aberystwyth University.
Superheated gases as hot as 50,000 to 2,000,000 Kelvin (89,500 to 3,600,00F) were sucked from the root of a dense structure, called a prominence, and spiral up into the high atmosphere and travel about 200,000 kilometers (124,000 miles) for at least three hours.
The tornadoes were observed on 25 September 2011.
The hot gases in the tornadoes have speeds as high as 300,000 km per hour (186,000 mph). Gas speeds of terrestrial tornadoes can reach 150 km/h (93 mph).
The tornadoes often occur at the root of huge coronal mass ejections. When heading toward the Earth, these coronal mass ejections can cause significant damage to the Earth’s space environment, satellites, even knock out the electricity grid.
The solar tornadoes drag winding magnetic field and electric currents into the high atmosphere. It is possible that the magnetic field and currents play a key role in driving the coronal mass ejections.
SDO (Solar Dynamics Observatory)was launched in February 2010. The satellite is orbiting the Earth in a circular, geosynchronous orbit at an altitude of 36,000 kilometers (22,360 miles).
It monitors constantly solar variations so scientists can understand the cause of the change and eventually have a capability to predict the space weather.
Attribution: Daily Mail